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Ethan Flores
Ethan Flores

An Interesting Baseball subtlety


It's fair to say that Far Cry 5 moves at a cracking pace. It's as lethal, noisy and destructive as picking up an AK-47 with the safety off. That's the attraction to me, the simple ability to jump in something and put your foot down, or just go batshit with a machine gun you can barely control. And it feels like Far Cry's attitude to chaos is perfectly suited to this new vision of rural America. This fictional state in Montana is familiar through Preacher, Hell Or High Water, The Dukes of Hazzard and the greatest movie of all time, Road House. It's about cut-off shirts, dirty baseball caps, stubble and stale beer. With a little bit of old time rock n' roll thrown in for good measure. Yee-hah.




An interesting baseball subtlety



I can't really talk too much about the story because I just didn't see The Father and his Project at Eden's Gate cult in detail, apart from as cannon fodder. The whole idea that it might be controversial because you're fighting against white religious nutters or the far right might add an interesting twist. Or it might just be the background excuse for some rollicking action out in the Great Plains. We'll have to find that out when the game is released and we've had a chance to really play through the wider campaign. Far Cry games usually create divisive villains - Vass, Pagan Min - and The Father sounds like another figure set to niggle and provoke. I'm all for it.


Jesse came to Grayson Stadium in Savannah after a minor league team left the area. He owned a small collegiate summer baseball team and decided to bring them to the city with a goal of bringing baseball back to this historic 4,000-seat stadium. He knew he was in a city with a long tradition of baseball but he learned quickly that it was going to be very difficult to attract people to a sport that was dying in America. People found baseball was boring and Jesse soon found his dreams were bigger than his cash flow.


Jesse decided to take a different approach, to think differently. Instead of just being in the baseball business, he thought of himself as running an entertainment company. He wanted to create a fun place for families to go and enjoy a memorable time together. So, taking cues from P.T. Barnum and Walt Disney, he decided to create something special and it started with naming the team.


The community was in shock. The critics thought it was outrageous. City leaders were upset. How could this upstart baseball owner choose a disrespectful name for such an important and historic baseball park? What was he doing?


Jesse credits his success to being weird, different, and standing out from the crowd. It began by thinking differently about his business and acknowledging he was in the entertainment business, not the baseball business.


Without the presence of these stars, all enshrined in the Hall of Fame, the sport greatly is diminished. Baseball in 1970 would have looked much like baseball in 2020, which has devolved to the point of being semi-exclusive.


A USA Today study in 2017 concluded that the average cost for a season of Club baseball is about $3,700 -- but it could rise to about $8,000 if it includes personal training and out-of-state tournaments. It is, in many ways, a considerable investment.


If you collect vintage cards across multiple sports, you may have noticed that the 1958 Topps football and 1959 Topps baseball sets have a similar design. This article will look at their subtle and not-so-subtle design differences.


The back of the baseball release shares little in common with the football backs, which had a big football fun scratch-off area. The baseball cards have typical biographical information, statistics, and a small cartoon.


The same century-old Joe Becker Stadium, which sits a few blocks north of Route 66 in Joplin, underwent a $4.7 million renovation a few years ago. The Joplin Blasters baseball teams played there in 2015 and 2016 but left after a dispute over the lease.


B. The fluid dynamics of air flow about spheres governs the flight of the baseball. For velocities below about 50 mph, the flow is rather smooth, though trailing vortices are generated. This air flow does not actually reach the surface of the ball, where there is a quiet boundary layer. At velocities above 200 mph, the flow penetrates the boundary layer, and the air at the boundary is quite turbulent. Much of the subtlety of baseball is derived from the fact that so much of the game is played in the region between definitely smooth flow and definitely turbulent flow. By and large, turbulence will be induced at lower velocities by roughness in the surface. Furthermore at a given velocity, the air resistance is, surprisingly, smaller for turbulent flow than for smooth flow. If the baseball were quite smooth rather than provided with 216 raised cotton stiches, it could not be thrown or batted nearly as far: A stitched ball batted 400 feet could travel only about 300 if it were very smooth.As the baseball travels from pitcher to batter, the total drag force on the ball (from the normal air pressure of 14.6 pounds per square inch) pushing the ball toward third base is nearly 100 pounds. Of course, there is, ordinarily, a nearly identical drag force pushing the ball toward first base. If these forces differ by as much as 1.5 oz. -- or about one part in a thousand -- the ball thrown to the plate at a velocity of 75 mph will be deflected, or curve, a little more than a foot. Such modest imbalances are generated by asymmetric spinning of the ball and by asymmetric placement of the stitches.


D. Very large forces, reaching values as high as 8,000 lbs., are required to change the motion of the 5 1/8-oz. ball from as speed of 90 mph toward the plate to a speed of 110 mph toward center field in the 1/1000th of a second during which the bat contacts the ball. The ball is compressed to about one-half its original diameter; the bat about 1/50th as much. The figures to the right illustrate the maximum distortion of the ball at various velocities.The ball may be considered as a spring. The bat applies force to the ball, compressing it, and the ball exerts force on the bat on regaining its original contours. The recoil from this exerted force propels the ball away from the bat. The outcome depends on the inelasticity of both ball and bat.The inelasticity is usually described in terms of the coefficient of restitution (COR), which is the ratio of the velocity of the ball rebounding from the surface of a hard, immovable object and the incident velocity. For baseballs traveling 85 feet/second (58 mph), striking a wall of ash boards backed by concrete, the mean COR of a large set of 1985 and 1987 official major league baseballs has been measured at 0.563. That is, the balls rebound with a velocity of 0.563 X 85 ft/sec, or 48 ft/sec. As the collision velocity increases, the COR for baseballs probably decreases.Typically, the fast ball struck by the bat carries about one-fifth as much kinetic energy as the bat. If the ball is struck squarely, about half the energy of the swinging bat is transferred to the ball in the impact, so the speed of the bat is sharply reduced -- by about 30 percent. About one third of the original bat-and-ball energy is carried off as kinetic energy in the flight of the ball from the bat, and the rest of the energy is lost in friction in the course of the distortion of the ball -- and then to heating the ball.


from the horizontal would go about 750 feet in a vacuum; at Shea Stadium in New York, it will travel only about 400 feet.The illustration below shows force versus compression distance for various simulated bat-ball collisions and for a golf ball. The area under the upper curve is proportional to the energy absorbed by the ball in motion; the area under the lower curve is the energy returned by the ball in its resumption of its spherical shape. The area enclosed by the two curves is proportional to the energy dissipated or lost in friction. For an ideal spring, the two curves will coincide. As shown here, the baseball returns only about 35 percent of energy supplied in compression. The golf ball, much closer to a perfect spring, returns more than 75 percent of the compressive energy when struck by a driver. N. Given a bat 35 inches long, the maximum energy transfer from the stiff bat to the ball occurs when the ball is struck at a point about 30 inches from the handle. But bats vibrate when the ball is hit too far from the optimal point (that is, a "vibrational node" or point of no vibration), resulting in a weakly hit ball and often a broken bat. The diagram (right) shows distortions of a bat when striking the ball near a node and an antinode respectively. For a typical bat, the oscillation frequency is about 260 cycles per second. At that frequency, the half-cycle time of about 0.002 seconds is appreciably longer than the natural bat-ball interaction time of about 0.0005 seconds. Thus the bat does not return the energy of distortion to the ball, but retains that energy in the vibration familiar to any baseball player. O. For a hard-hit ball traveling with an initial velocity of 110 mph, the spin rate will decrease at a rate of about 30 percent per second. For a 400-foot home run, the backspin applied by the bat (perhaps 2,000 rpm) is reduced to about 350 rpm when the ball lands about 5 seconds later. Maximum distance is obtained at an initial angle of 35


When it comes to logos and uniforms, Major League Baseball is in a good state. It's impressive when you consider that there are 30 teams across the two leagues and there isn't a team that really has a look that could be considered ugly or tacky. Part of that is due to a lot of baseball teams rectifying their wrongs from the 1990s and 2000s and more teams just sticking to a good look that hasn't steered them wrong for decades on in.


That's where the Atlanta Braves come in. The Braves have basically had the same look for their home-and-away uniforms since the 1987 season and their 14-season dominance of their division from 1991 onward has somewhat guaranteed that their primary uniforms will remain the same for the foreseeable future. Sports teams (and baseball teams in particular) don't like to mess with a good thing and if certain uniforms are associated with success, then they'll keep them around for as long as possible.


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